Top Chastain States

01-08-06


Pierre Chastain settled in Virginia Colony in 1700, and for much of the next century Virginia was home to most American Chastains. About the time of the American Revolution, the Chastain families began migrating, and by 1840 there were only two families left in Virginia. Where did they go? Well, they did not spread themselves evenly among the states. Georgia, Indiana, and South Carolina were important Chastain states early on, and over time other states such as Arkansas and Missouri, and later Oklahoma and Texas, joined them.

1840-1920 Census ~ Civil War ~ 1990 Census ~ Shasteens

Chastain Families Ranked by Census Records

Charts #1-4 are based on data provided by Ancestry.com's Family Distribution Maps, taken from the censuses of 1840, 1880, and 1920. Chastain Central compiled state totals by adding together the four most common spellings and misspellings (Chastain, Chasteen, Chastine, and Chesteen). The four spellings break down according to Chart #1. Counts for each spelling are numbers of families, not numbers of individuals, and keep in mind that the spellings do not necessarily reflect how individuals spelled their own names. Census takers were notorious for writing what they heard or thought rather than the spelling used by the individual.

Chart #2 shows state rankings in total number of families after the four spellings have been combined. All states with 2% or more of Chastain families are shown, and Chart #3 is a summary of rankings for the three years. By 1840, Georgia and Indiana had become the strongest Chastain states and maintained their ranks of first and second place through the 1920 census. An 1820 chart would tell an entirely different story. The migration to North Georgia would have just begun, so Georgia would have been near the bottom of the list; and since many of those North Georgia families came from South Carolina, South Carolina would have been much stronger. 1880 shows that many Chastains had moved west to Arkansas, Missouri, and Texas. 1920 indicates some shuffling of familiar states, but the remarkable exception is the appearance of Oklahoma in the number three spot. There was at least one Chastain family in every state of the Union in at least one of the three censuses except for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Maine, Nevada, and Vermont.

Chart #4 shows gain or loss in trends by state.

Chart #1 Breakdown of Spellings in Censuses
Spelling 1840 Census 1880 Census 1920 Census
Chastain5258.43%156667.79%103464.06%
Chasteen3033.71%38316.58%27016.73%
Chastine 5 5.62% 344 14.89% 243 15.06%
Chesteen 2 2.25% 17 0.74% 67 4.15%
Total 89 2310 1614

Back to Text Chart 2

Chart #2 Ranking of States by Number and Percentage of Chastain Families
Rank 1840 1880 1920
1Georgia2629.21%Georgia71931.13%Georgia32920.38%
2Indiana1820.22%Indiana33114.33%Indiana20412.64%
3South Carolina16 17.98%Arkansas2139.22%Oklahoma1227.56%
4Kentucky88.99%Missouri1988.57%Texas1177.25%
5Illinois66.74%South Carolina1275.50%Missouri1056.51%
6Tennessee33.37%Illinois1154.98%South Carolina845.20%
7Florida22.25%Kentucky1094.72%Arkansas835.14%
8Louisiana22.25%Texas793.42%Alabama633.90%
9Missouri22.25%Tennessee783.38%Tennessee613.78%
10Virginia22.25%Alabama682.94%Kentucky523.22%
11------------------North Carolina682.94%Florida422.60%
12-------------------------------------Illinois422.60%
13-------------------------------------Mississippi332.04%

Back to Text Chart 3 Back to Chart 1

Chart #3 Summary of Rankings
Rank 1840 1880 1920
1GeorgiaGeorgiaGeorgia
2IndianaIndianaIndiana
3South CarolinaArkansasOklahoma
4KentuckyMissouriTexas
5IllinoisSouth CarolinaMissouri
6TennesseeIllinoisSouth Carolina
7FloridaKentuckyArkansas
8LouisianaTexasAlabama
9MissouriTennesseeTennessee
10VirginiaAlabamaKentucky
11---------North CarolinaFlorida
12------------------Illinois
13------------------Mississippi

Back to Text Chart 4 Back to Chart 2

Chart #4 Gain or Loss in Rankings
State184018801920Trend
Alabama-108up
Arkansas-37up and down
Florida7-11down
Georgia111steady
Illinois5612down
Indiana222steady
Kentucky4710down
Louisiana8--down
Mississippi--13up
Missouri945up
North Carolina-11-up and down
Oklahoma--3up
South Carolina356down
Tennessee69-down
Texas-84up
Virginia10--down

Back to Text Chart 5 Back to Chart 3
1840-1920 Census ~ Civil War ~ 1990 Census ~ Shasteens
To Top

Chastain Families Ranked by Civil War Service

The Civil War occurred almost exactly between the 1840 and 1880 censuses. A count of Chastain soldiers serving in the Civil War will provide insight independent of the census records. However, we should not expect the military records to be as accurate as the census in determining the distribution of Chastains among the states for a number of reasons. Some individuals are duplicated with different spellings; some served in more than one state during the war, the percentage of the population enlisted in the military may have varied from state to state, and so forth. Even so, results should resemble the state lists from the 1840 and 1880 censuses, and Chart 5 shows that they do. However, there are some surprises. South Carolina is much higher on the list than expected, and Indiana is much lower. Perhaps this reflects a difference in fervor in these two states, or in accuracy of state records. Despite the variances in rank, the states are the same ones predominating on the censuses, and the Civil War list more closely resembles the 1880 census than the 1840.

Chart #5 Ranking by Civil War Service
StateSoldiersPercent
Georgia5413.04%
South Carolina5413.04%
Arkansas5112.32%
Tennessee4711.35%
Missouri389.18%
Kentucky317.49%
Indiana286.76%
North Carolina256.04%
Mississippi194.59%
Alabama163.86%
Illinois163.86%
Texas133.14%
Total414 names

Back to Text Chart 6 Back to Chart 4
1840-1920 Census ~ Civil War ~ 1990 Census ~ Shasteens
To Top

Top Chastain States from 1990 Census

A 1990 compilation of names based on percentages of population shows many of the same strong states from the census records above. In fact, these states represent eight of the top nine states from the 1920 census; only Texas is missing. States with the largest percentage of Chastains by population (about 1 per thousand) are (in alphabetical order):

Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Tennessee

1840-1920 Census ~ Civil War ~ 1990 Census ~ Shasteens
To Top

Shasteen Rankings

We did not include the Shasteen spelling in the statistical totals, but show them separately in Chart #6. As is evident from the chart, Shasteens were centered in the Midwest and Tennessee. The 1990 data is from Hamrick. As Shasteen is a less common name, ranking #20,539 among names on the 2000 census, only two states show more than 1 Shasteen family in 10,000. Wyoming may seem a big surprise, but it has a very small population, so only a few Shasteens could make a percentage showing. Chart #7 shows Shasteen distribution results among Civil War soldiers. They are not very surprising, and like the Chastain Civil War data, they resemble the 1880 census more than the 1840.

Chart #6 Shasteen Rankings from Census
Rank1840188019201990
1Ohio754%Ohio5749%Ohio2334%Tennessee
2Indiana538%Tennessee2622%Illinois1319%Wyoming
3Illinois18%Illinois1919%Tennessee1218%
4------------Indiana65%Indiana34%
5------------Missouri65%Arkansas23%
6------------Minnesota22%Georgia23%
7------------------------Missouri23%
8------------------------Nebraska23%
9------------------------Oklahoma23%
Total13 families116 families68 families

Back to Text Chart 7 Back to Chart 5

Chart #7 Shasteen Rankings from Civil War Service
RankStateSoldiersPercent
1Tennessee1237.50%
2Ohio1134.38%
3Missouri412.50%
4Illinois39.38%
5Indiana26.25%
.Total32.

Back to Text Back to Chart 6
1840-1920 Census ~ Civil War ~ 1990 Census ~ Shasteens
To Top

|Home|Make US Your Home Page ||Site Map|