Castaing and Related Surnames

Updated
9-16-06


Among the French who took surnames deriving from the European Chestnut Castanea sativa, two main groups established themselves in the colonies of the new world: the descendents of Pierre Chastain, immigrant to Virginia, and the descendents of Francois Annibal Chastang, immigrant to New Orleans. However, representatives of alternate French spellings remained in France, or appeared elsewhere (including the new world colonies), but never established a strong presence in the new world. This page features those miscellaneous French spellings. Note that some Casteens and Castines may not be related to the Castanea sativa.

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Index to Topics
Prominent Biographies

John Castaing, Huguenot and Securities Broker
(Date-1730s)

John Castaing stands above the others in his eventual significance. John was among the Huguenots who immigrated in the 1680s to England from France due to the religious persecution, so he and Pierre Chastain were in London at the same time. He became a Securities broker on the Royal Exchange in London. In 1697, John Castaing began posting stock prices, bullion prices, and exchange rates each Tuesday and Friday from his office at Jonathan's Coffee House in Change Alley. The publication was called the Course of the Exchange, and it was the beginning of what would become the London Stock Exchange. Castaing published the Course of the Exchange until his death, after which it was published by others until 1809. The almost complete records of the publication continue to serve as a database for research and analysis to this day. The London Stock Exchange was founded officially in 1801 and is the third-largest exchange in the world. Its listed companies are worth a combined $7235 billion as of November 2005.

For the work of John Castaing in the context of world financial history, see Financial Integration over the Past Three Centuries by James R. Lothian.

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Index to Topics
General Biographies Name Index
See also: Castaings and related names in Outer Space!
CASTAING
1. Edme
2. Francois J.
3. John
4. Madeleine
5. Peter
CASTAIGNE
1. Jean Andre
2. Joseph



CASTEEN
1. John Thomas




CASTINE
1. Bernard
2. Janay
3. Michael P.



Bernard Castine (French Nobleman, American Indian, and Pirate) 1689-1720. His full name is Bernard-Anselme d'Abbadie de Saint-Castin (the fourth baron). Such a name conjures up the image of a white-wigged aristocrat, but for a good part of his short life Castin looked like any one of his mother's family, a native of the North American woods. His mother was a full blooded Penobscot. Indeed, she was an Indian princess: Matilda, daughter of Madockawando, chief of the Penobscots. In present day Maine, a bay and river are named after the Penobscots. That is where they lived. Their principal village was at Pentagouet (the picturesque present day village of Castine.) It was at Pentagouet that Castine was born. His father, a French officer at Acadia, was of the French aristocracy. Castin was raised by his mother at Pentagouet. He also spent time with his father who "rigorously trained" him. His father died in France in 1707. --From Historical Biographies.

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Edme Samuel Castaing 1797-1823. Edme was born in 1797 in Alencon France. He was educated at the College of Angers and studied at the School of Medicine in Paris. He fell in love with and married a widow with three children and had two more children by her. In 1821 Castaing became a qualified doctor, but he was in a serious financial situation because of the upkeep of his large family. In addition, he had provided security for a friend's bill of 600 francs, and his friend defaulted. The creditor was after Edme when suddenly, in October 1822, this poor doctor came up with 100,000 francs and resolved his financial stress.

Dr. Castaing was close friends with two brothers--Auguste and Hippolyte Ballet. Hippolyte was industrious, while his brother was wasteful. They each had inherited 260,000 francs upon their father's death. Hippolyte was also very sickly. When he saw how his brother Auguste squandered his share of the inheritance, Hippolyte decided to change his will making his sister the major beneficiary rather than Auguste. Edme Castaing was Hippolyte's constant companion. The two were fond of each other, and Hippolyte liked having a medical doctor with him. Hippolyte's health was up and down. On October 1, 1822, his sister visited him and thought he seemed quite well. The next day he became gravely ill with severe vomiting among other things. His condition was so bad that he would not allow his siblings to see him. Only Edme Castaing was with him. Hippolyte died three days later.

Upon Hippolyte's death, Auguste gave Castaing 100,000 francs to bribe the clerk holding Hippolyte's will favoring their sister, so that he would destroy the will. The clerk never received any such money. In fact, he never held a copy of any will for Hippolyte. However, on October 10 Edme Castaing gave his wife 4,000 francs, loaned 10,000 francs to his mother, and invested another 66,000 francs with a stockbroker. But Auguste was not aware of this. Dr. Castaing told him the entire 100,000 went to the clerk, so that he, himself, had received nothing for his part in the conspiracy. In response, on December 1, 1822 Auguste wrote his will leaving his entire estate to Dr. Castaing as his doctor. On Thursday, May 29, 1823 he deposited the will with a third party and the same day left on a two day trip out of town with Edme. They took a room together. By mid-day, Sunday, June 1, the healthy Auguste was dead.

Dr. Edme Castaing was arrested, and a five-month investigation followed. He was charged with the murder of Hippolyte Ballet, the destruction his will, and the murder of Auguste Ballet. His trial began on November 10, 1823 and lasted eight days. One of the interesting issues in the trial was the use of morphine as a poison. Morphine had been discovered only 18 years before. After two hours deliberation, the jury found him not guilty on the charge of Hippolyte's murder, guilty for destroying the will, and guilty by a vote of 7-5 on the charge of Auguste's murder. Edme was condemned to death and ordered to pay 100,000 francs damages to the family of Auguste Ballet. Edme Castaing appealed, but the appeal was rejected. He was guillotined on December 6, 1823. This is a simplified version of the story and the trial. Read the full drama here.

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Francois J. Castaing, Automotive Engineer
(1945?-)

Brandi's BookFrancois was born in Marseille, France, and is a graduate of Ecole Nationale Superieure d'Arts et Metiers. His wife is Marlies. Francois was Executive Vice-President for International Operations at DaimlerChrysler until he retired in 1997, at age 52, after 27 years in the auto industry. He is credited with developing the Renault Alliance, Jeep Wrangler, Jeep Grand Cherokee, Dodge Viper, and Dodge Durango. David Cole, director of automotive research at the Energy Resource Institute at the University of Michigan says, "Francois Castaing was key to the renaissance at Chrysler."

He began his career in sport car racing while still a student and became Technical Director for Renault Motorsport Programs. From 1980 to 1987, he was with American Motors as Vice President of Engineering and later as Group Vice President Product and Quality until American Motors was acquired by Chrysler. Francois spent thirteen years with Chrysler Corporation serving first as Executive Vice President of Vehicle Engineering from 1988 to 1996 and subsequently running Chrysler International Operations. In 1993, Francois founded USCAR with General Motors Corp. and Ford Motor Co., and helped form the Partnership For A New Generation of Vehicles with the U.S. government. After retiring as Vice-President at Chrysler, he served as technical advisor to the chairman until 2000.

After leaving Chrysler, Francois was named chairman of The New Detroit Science Center Board of Trustees in 1998 and turned his energies to promoting the refurbishing and expansion of the New Detroit Science Center. He is a consultant with Castaing and Associates and has served on numerous boards such as Exide Technologies, Amerigon, Durakon Industries, NextEnergy, FIRST, and TRW Automotive.

Francois was elected in 1995 to the prestigious National Academy of Engineering, a private, independent, nonprofit institution that serves as advisor to the federal government and conducts independent studies to examine important topics in engineering and technology. His election was For the development of highly reliable, high-performance automobiles and for their successful production through innovative organizational structures. He is also a recipient of The Automotive Hall of Fame Distinguished Service Citation.

Article on New Detroit Science Center.

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Janay Castine, American Idol Contestant
(1988?- )

Janay Castine

Seventeen year old Janay Sophia Castine first appeared during the auditions of American Idol in the winter of 2005. Out of 100,000+ hopefuls, she was one of 193 chosen to go to Hollywood. On Tuesday, February 9, she made the second cut as half of the contestants went back home, leaving only 97. The next day, she sang Wait a Minute Mr. Postman with two other girls. She made the third cut as more contestants went home, leaving 75. For the next round, contestants were placed in four rooms, and the judges came to announce that each entire room was in or out. Janay's room was in! Thirty-one more contestants went home leaving Janay among the lucky 44.

Janay Castine 2The next step was to reduce the group to a final 24 which would sing weekly with four eliminations each week to achieve a final 6 men and 6 women. Janay made the final 24, but she struggled to stay among the stellar performers. Every week there was strong speculation that she would be voted out for being among the bottom two women. She survived the first week, but on Sportsbook.com her odds for winning the top position were 35-1, tied for last place with Travis Tucker. BetWWTS.com gave her 50-1, tied for last with Joseph Murena. She survived the second week. However, on the final week of rapid elimination, she lost the vote. She was in the final 16, but not in the magic final 12. Nervousness and youthfulness worked against her. MTV reports that she was also criticized by the judges for singing a song with inappropriate content. Her thought was that they loved it when she sang it during auditions, though it was not televised.

Janay was born in East Palo Alto but moved to Stone Mountain, Georgia at age 8 before going to Lawrenceville, Georgia during her teens. Lawrenceville is just north of Atlanta only a few miles from Snellville, home of 2004's popular American Idol contestant Diana DeGarmo. Janay is a senior at Peachtree Ridge High School in Suwanee and auditioned in New Orleans. Lawrenceville, Suwanee, and Snellville are all in Gwinnett County, Georgia. Her parents are April and Edward Castine, Jr. Her younger brothers are Edward Castine, III and Myles Castine. Janay and her family are active members of Campus Church of Christ in Norcross, Georgia, where they have attended about six years. There is a Janay Yahoo Group, and someone using Janay's name (perhaps it is she!) posts there on occasion.

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Jean Andre Castaigne (Illustrator), 1861-1929. In late 1800s America, there was tremendous growth in illustrated magazines and a shortage of illustrators to serve them. Into this vacuum came Andre Castaigne of France, who was born January 21, 1861. His first American magazine illustration seems to be the May, 1891 issue of The Century; he would have been 30 years old. Andre provided over 160 illustrations to The Century by the end of 1895, and continued with them until at least 1916. During that period, he also contributed illustrations to Harpers, Scribners, and other magazines. Andre also illustrated a few books, including the first edition of The Phantom of the Opera. It is for this that he is most known today. The book was reprinted, with Andre's illustrations, as late as 1988. In 2003, his The Green Hour depicting absinthe use in 1900, was published in Absinthe, a Myth Always Green. For more.

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John Thomas Casteen, III (University President). Born December 11, 1943 in Portsmouth, Virginia, John T. Casteen has been president of the University of Virginia since 1990. After teaching English at the University of California (Berkeley) and the University of Virginia, Mr. Casteen became Virginia's secretary of education from 1982-1985. From 1985 to 1990, he was president of the University of Connecticut. He is married to Elizabeth (Betsy) Foote Casteen. University of Virginia Bio

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Joseph Castaigne (French Internist) 1871-1951. Joseph Philippe Emmanuel Castaigne was born February 27, 1871 in Bassac, France, a small village in the Charente region. He is known both for the Castaigne's Test (for density of urine) and for the Achard-Castaigne Test (for examining the excretion function of the kidneys) which is co-named for Emile Charles Achard. Joseph studied at the Medical University of Paris. He explored renal function together with professor Emile Charles Achard, and he studied hepatitic disease with professors Anatole Marie Émile Chauffard and Nicolas Augustin Gilbert. During World War I he took charge of the Vichy Hospital and cared for a large number of wounded soldiers. In 1920 he left Paris for Cebazat due to the death of his elder son. He wanted to live in a small village in order to better care for his other sons. Until World War II, he worked at a medical school in the nearby town of Clermont-Ferrand. Joseph died in Paris on September 21, 1951.

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Madeleine Castaing, Interior Decorator
(1894-1992)

Madeleine Castaing

Madeleine Magistry was born in 1894 in Chartres, France. Her father was an engineer, who built the Chartres railway station. At 16, She met her husband, Marcellin Castaing, twenty years her senior, from a well-to-do Provencal wine family of Toulouse. They married and moved in the early 1920's to Paris, where they met many famous people at the fashionable cafés, such as artist Pablo Picasso, composer Erik Satie, and Jewish Lithuanian artist Chaïm Soutine. They had two sons, Bernard, who joined his mother in her decorating business, and Michel, who became an internationally renowned bookseller specializing in autographs and manuscripts.

Madeleine Castaing's HomeMarcellin bought his wife a country house in Lèves, a charming village on the outskirts of Chartres. It was surrounded by picturesque gardens. Madeleine transformed the property into a delightful family retreat dedicated to her husband, her two sons, and close friends. She shopped antiques shops, fairs, and flea markets to create her own delightfully eclectic signature 19th century décor. Her combinations of different styles was original and daring, and she used the famous bleu Castaing subtly throughout. Numerous paintings hung on the walls of the house in Lèves, especially those of Soutine.

The Castaings met Soutine (1893-1943) at the Café de la Rotonde in Montparnasse in 1920. They purchased their first Soutine painting in 1925, subsequently visited the artist's studio, and began a lifelong friendship. The Castaings became Soutine's leading patrons and over the years assembled a collection of over forty paintings. Soutine spent every summer from 1930 to 1935 at the Castaings' country house in Lèves, where he drew inspiration for some of his greatest masterpieces. In 1928, when Madeleine was 35, Soutine painted her portrait (see above), now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. He also did a drawing of her in 1940.

For decades, Castaing was content to be a rich man's wife, traveling among Paris, Chartres, Lèves, and Toulouse, raising her children and collecting modern art. But in 1940, when the Nazis occupied France and German officers requisitioned her house, Madeleine left her home at Lèves for a short time and opened a boutique, relocated in 1947 to 30 rue Jacob, Paris. She decorated it the same way as her house at Lèves, using her inimitable taste to combine beautiful furnishings and original objects, fabrics, and colors. After the death of her husband in 1969, Madeleine moved to an apartment above the boutique.

Her decorating style became known internationally. She was particularly popular in Francophile American design circles. Now, the legendary Madeleine Castaing is considered one of the most important and innovative decorators of her generation. Her home has been featured in prestigious decoration magazines over the world. The odd mix of Russian, Biedermeier, Napoleon III, and English regency furniture, on ocelot patterned carpets in rooms populated by books, that effortlessly came together on the rue Jacob and at Lèves, was rarely imitated successfully by others.

Madeleine Castaing kept Lèves until her death in 1992, when it was taken over by her son Michel,. He looked after the property until he died in 2004. Later that year, Sotheby's organized the sale of the Madeleine Castaing Collection, consisting of items from her home, boutique, and a storage warehouse. Madeleine's apartment was part of the shooting of the film, The Proprietor (1996). The boutique is now the site of the Ladurée Tearoom. The tearoom decorator, Roxanne Rodriguez, a specialist in Second Empire style, was charged with creating a décor inspired by the style of Madeleine Castaing, while retaining the Ladurée look and preserving the historical and architectural heritage of the site.

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Michael P. Castine (President and CEO). Michael is President and CEO of Dover Management LLC. Prior to joining Dover, he served as a Partner and Global Sector Head of TMP Worldwide. He also served on the staff of the National Security Council as the Director of International Communications and Information and as a Deputy Director of the Office of Private Sector Initiatives in the White House under President Ronald Reagan. In addition, Michael worked for the U.S. House of Representatives as an aide to Congressman Jack Kemp. Dover Bio

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Peter Castaing, (Revolutionary War Soldier), c1740-1800. Peter was French volunteer, an aide de camp to French General Louis Duportail. He was present at Valley Forge and taken prisoner at Charleston in 1780. He is listed on the Valley Forge Muster Roll as a 2nd Lieut. According to the DAR, Captain Castaing served from Massachusetts, was born in France about 1740, and died in Great Britain in 1800. His wife's name was Maria. See also Live Auctioneers and the Writings of George Washington.

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Index to Topics
Crime Fighters

Bernard Castaigne, Attorney, Netherlands
Eddie Castaing, Attorney, Louisiana


Index to Topics
Arts and Film

ART

Jean Andre Castaigne, Illustrator
Madeleine Castaing, Interior Designer

THEATRE

Robert Castaine, Performer
Veronica Castang, Performer
Jeanette Chastonet, Performer

MUSIC

Janay Castine, American Idol Contestant

WRITING

Jacqueline Castine, Recovery from Rescuing, HCI, 1989
Peter Castine, Set Theory Objects, Peter Lang Publishing, 1994
Sandra Castine, (and Glyn Roberts), Modeling in the Socialization of the Black Athlete, International Review of Sports Sociology, 1974

FILM: ENGLISH TITLES
IMDb, "Earth's Biggest Movie Database" has a wealth of detail on television as well as movies. Information for this section is taken primarily from IMDb. You may search IMDb for information on your other film interests.

Actors

Castaine

Robert B. Castaine Where Do We Go from Here? (1945); Atlantic City (1944)

Castang

Seb Castang Various TV appearances (2001-2005)

Chastanet

Karyn Chastanet Cracking Up (2004)

Chasten

Fred Chasten The Toilers (1916). Same as staff person "Fred Chaston" below.

Chastin

Don Chastin Flareup (1969); "The Man from Uncle" role (1967)

Film Staff and Crew

Chastagnier

Joel Chastagnier Composer, Man-Horse of Calcutta (2000)

Chasteney

Rosemary Chasteney Miscellaneous Crew, The Abyss (1989)

Chaston

Fred Chaston Cinematographer, writer, miscellaneous, Many projects (1913-1925). Same as actor "Fred Chasten" above.


Index to Topics
Sports


Cory Castine, Football
Megan Castaing, Soccer
Sebastien Chastin, Kiting


Index to Topics
Place Names

Castine, Hancock County, Maine

Castine, Maine is one of the oldest communities in North America. It has been occupied continuously since the early 1600s as the site of numerous trading posts, forts, missions and permanent settlements of France, Holland, England and colonial America. Before 1613, and during the course of its long history, Castine has also been home to several nations of Native Americans. What is now known as the Castine peninsula appears on a 1612 chart that geographer and explorer Samuel de Champlain submitted to King Henry IV of France. His enthusiasm for the region led to the establishment of a French trading post in 1613. The French called the peninsula Pentagoet.

Following the signing of the Breda Treaty in 1667, which ended the war between France and England, Castine and the surrounding territory was deeded to the French. A French officer, Jean Vincent d'Abbadie de St. Castin, obtained a grant from the King of France for land in the vicinity of Pentagoet and the peninsula that would eventually bear his name. During the early 18th century, life in Castine was relatively tranquil. As England's relationship with the liberal American colonists continued to deteriorate, the British decided in 1779 to once again rebuild and occupy Castine's forts, recognizing the area's strategic location and its importance as a convenient source of timber for masts and other supplies. Later, when the War of 1812 broke out, American troops were garrisoned in Castine but were unable to defend the town against a superior British force. By 1814, Castine once again was under the British flag. A year later the British evacuated the region and Castine became an American town once and for all.

In the years that followed, 121 ships, many owned and commanded by local people, were launched from Castine shipyards. Local ropewalks, sail lofts and ship chandlers provided all necessary goods and services for maritime trade that was carried on primarily with the West Indies and England. A salt depository supplied the Grand Banks fishing fleets. At times, hundreds of ships were anchored in Castine Harbor. The Civil War, the decrease in the number of sailing ships and the growth of railroads signaled the end of Castine's greatest era of prosperity. However, as the end of the 19th century drew to a close, Castine was once again rediscovered, this time aboard steamboats. These were the summer people.

Castine continued to flourish as a summer community until the Maine Maritime Academy was founded in 1942, and then the town emerged as a viable year-round community. Major landmarks include Fort George, built by the British in 1779 and partially restored as a state memorial, and Fort Madison, earthwork remnants built by the Americans in 1811, occupied by the British during the War of 1812 and reconstructed during the American Civil War. The year-round population is roughly 1,300 including 700 college students attending Maine Maritime Academy. With summer residents, and visitors by land and sea, the population at least doubles from Memorial Day to Labor Day.

From the Castine Website. Map


Castine, Darke County, Ohio

Castine, Ohio is in western Ohio northeast of Dayton. The 2000 census recorded a population of 129. Map


Chataignier, Evangeline Parish, Louisiana

As its name suggests, Chataignier is in Cajun country, just 30 miles north of Lafayette, Louisiana. In fact, it lies in Evangeline Parish (Louisiana word for county), which was named for the heroine of the famous 1847 Cajun poem written by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Chataignier is a small town of 395 (383 at 2000 census). Chataignier made news in October, 1970 when a tornado damaged the area, including picking up a mobile home with seven occupants and carrying it 300-400 feet before smashing it to the ground. Two were killed instantly and the others were taken to the hospital with serious injuries.

Due to a June, 2004 reorganization of parish schools, the town lost its high school. The old Chataignier High School facility on Vine Street became one of two locations for the Chataignier Elementary School. L'Anse Aux Pailles Road (formerly Carver elementary) serves preschool-grade 3 (this location is home to the 2003 Louisiana Elementary School Teacher of the year), while the old Vine Street facility now serves grades 4-8.

There is also a Chataignier Gas Field and a Chataignier Landing Strip in Evangeline Parish, Louisiana. Map



Street Names
The following links lead to specific details at Melissa Data, an excellent resource for streets in America.

Castain, Mandeville, LA; Morristown, TN.
Castaing, Metairie, LA.
Casteen, Austin, AR; Hampstead, NC; Pink Hill, NC; Seneca, SC;
Castine, 5 in ME; 3 in CA; 2 each in NC and NY; 1 each in IN, LA, MA, MD, OH, PA, RI, SC, TX, and VA.



Cemeteries

Castine, Hancock County Maine
Chataignier, Evangeline Parish, LA
Chataignier, St. Landry Parish, LA



Water Bodies

Castine Bayou, St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana
Castine Bayou (old name: Castembayouque) on the north side of Lake Pontchartrain was once home to The Acolapissa Indians.

Castine Harbor, Hancock County, Maine
The beautiful and historic harbor at Castine, Maine inspired the 1851 painting by Fitz Hugh Lane (1804-1865) and photography by others. At times during its history, it has been a the scene of enormous shipping activity.



USS Castine, Gunboat 1894-1921
The USS Castine, a 1177-ton Machias-class gunboat built at Bath, Maine, was commissioned in October 1894. Her initial service took her through the Mediterranean and around Africa to South America. She operated in the South Atlantic and the Caribbean areas through 1898, and then was transferred to the Far East until 1901. Thereafter, her duty stations were in the Atlantic, the Caribbean and off Central America, including several years service as a submarine tender. Castine patrolled out of Gibraltar during World War I, and was decommissioned in August 1919. –From Naval Historical Center.


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